Judd Ne'eman (or Yehuda Ne'eman) was born in Tel Aviv in 1936 and studied medicine at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. During the Six-Day War, the War of Attrition and the Yom Kippur War, he served as a doctor with the paratroopers.
He never studied film, and his first film as a director, The Dress, was shown in 1969 at the Cannes Film Festival's directors' forum. His first full-length drama, Paratroopers (Masa Alunkot) (1977) focused on a new inductee in the paratroopers who experiences extreme hazing that leads to his suicide.
Ne'eman took part in the fight that led to the creation of the Israel Film Fund, and served twice as the head of Tel Aviv University's department of film and television. But he has continued making films including Fellow Travellers (Magash Hakesef) (1984) and Streets of Yesterday (Rehovot Ha'Etmol) (1989), which featured a political assassination a few years before the murder of Yitzhak Rabin.